1. Mies van der Rohe, Villa Tugendhat, (1930)

    The Villa Tugendhat was commissioned by the wealthy newlyweds Grete & Fritz Tugendhat, a Jewish couple with family money from textile manufacturing companies in Brno. The couple met Mies van der Rohe in Berlin in 1927, and was already impressed by his design for the Zehlendorf house of Edward Fuchs. As fans of spacious homes with simple forms, Mies’ free plan method was perfect for the Tugendhats’ taste; however, he was not their only interest in an architect for their own home. They originally confronted Brno’s foremost modern architect at the time, Arnost Wiesner, but after visiting various projects by each architect, the Tugendhats ultimately went with Mies.

    Mies visited the site in September of 1928, and had already produced plans by December of that same year. He shared his design with the Tugendhat family that new year’s eve, and with a few minor changes new plans were drafted and set into motion. Mies deployed his new functionalist concept of iron framework, doing away with load-bearing interior walls and allowing for more open and light spaces. The villa was composed of three levels (including the basement), with different floor plans and forms, each relating differently to the sloping site. The Southeast and garden facades were completely glazing from floor to ceiling. The villa Tugendhat was a rather large house, complete with two children’s bedrooms and nanny’s quarters that shared a bathroom at the front of the house, while the master bed and bath were at the rear and connected to the terrace. A housekeeper’s flat and staff quarters were also included in the design.

    The villa was exceptionally expensive for its time considering the lavish materials, abnormal construction methods, and extraordinary new technologies of heating and cooling. The house was very advanced for a private residence, and while the overall cost was never known, estimates fall somewhere near five million Czech crowns. In 1930, that amount could have built at least 30 small family homes. Brno was already a hub of modern Architecture for Czechoslovakia in the 1920s, and the Villa Tugendhat was only met with moderate praise at best among the avant garde in its time. Many of the left wing elite in the art world viewed the new home as snobbish and overdone because its lush interior design and furnishings.

    Mies designed all the furniture in the house and chose precisely the placement of each piece and fixture. Although there was no art on the walls or decoration in or on the house, it never came across as bare or plain because of the rich materiality of onyx and rare tropical woods used throughout the home. The villa was built by building contractors in Brno, but the iron framework was constructed by contractors from Berlin. Steel frame construction was unusual for homes at that time, but brought with it many advantages that Mies was very occupied with and had already used in his famed Barcelona Pavillion – thinner walls, a free plan that could differ from floor to floor, large walls of glazing to open up rooms and connect them to the garden, etc. Over all the minimal and stable design became a hallmark in Mies’ residential accomplishments.

  1. hansen17 reblogged this from ezzthetic
  2. nerdosaurus13 reblogged this from rudygodinez
  3. nerdosaurus13 likes this
  4. juhquach likes this
  5. frasquitamarquez likes this
  6. itsjustpatrick likes this
  7. throughtheturnstile reblogged this from rudygodinez
  8. antiwhat likes this
  9. ppmj likes this
  10. dyn-amic reblogged this from ezzthetic
  11. grriv likes this
  12. koschino likes this
  13. ezzthetic reblogged this from rudygodinez
  14. cmsos likes this
  15. fancyhyphen likes this
  16. pabloavincetto likes this
  17. valentinpuyau reblogged this from rudygodinez
  18. valentinpuyau likes this
  19. justinzook likes this
  20. archiv-84 likes this
  21. fabiolairismallow likes this
  22. coldestwintour likes this
  23. lusal reblogged this from rudygodinez
  24. tunilda reblogged this from rudygodinez
  25. zeropauseone likes this
  26. p4p3r1n1k likes this
  27. vhaldemarmetal reblogged this from architecturehall
  28. architecturehall reblogged this from rudygodinez
  29. yluiss likes this
  30. miesian reblogged this from rudygodinez
  31. miesian likes this
  32. ehmygawd reblogged this from shalinayasuda
  33. shalinayasuda reblogged this from azalfaro
  34. teddske likes this
  35. thomortiz likes this
  36. involvingsystems reblogged this from rudygodinez
  37. incibengu likes this
  38. bulutbeyaz reblogged this from rudygodinez and added:
  39. bulutbeyaz likes this
  40. rebekahwithak reblogged this from acathal
  41. juice-headdd reblogged this from no-seas-mamon
  42. no-seas-mamon reblogged this from acathal
  43. no-seas-mamon likes this
  44. architectingandbaguettes reblogged this from acathal
  45. acathal reblogged this from architect-paris
  46. fanzinered likes this
  47. mehtapty likes this
  48. theopus131 reblogged this from mediavomit
  49. mediavomit reblogged this from rudygodinez
  50. mediavomit likes this