1. Mies van der Rohe, Villa Tugendhat, (1930)

    The Villa Tugendhat was commissioned by the wealthy newlyweds Grete & Fritz Tugendhat, a Jewish couple with family money from textile manufacturing companies in Brno. The couple met Mies van der Rohe in Berlin in 1927, and was already impressed by his design for the Zehlendorf house of Edward Fuchs. As fans of spacious homes with simple forms, Mies’ free plan method was perfect for the Tugendhats’ taste; however, he was not their only interest in an architect for their own home. They originally confronted Brno’s foremost modern architect at the time, Arnost Wiesner, but after visiting various projects by each architect, the Tugendhats ultimately went with Mies.

    Mies visited the site in September of 1928, and had already produced plans by December of that same year. He shared his design with the Tugendhat family that new year’s eve, and with a few minor changes new plans were drafted and set into motion. Mies deployed his new functionalist concept of iron framework, doing away with load-bearing interior walls and allowing for more open and light spaces. The villa was composed of three levels (including the basement), with different floor plans and forms, each relating differently to the sloping site. The Southeast and garden facades were completely glazing from floor to ceiling. The villa Tugendhat was a rather large house, complete with two children’s bedrooms and nanny’s quarters that shared a bathroom at the front of the house, while the master bed and bath were at the rear and connected to the terrace. A housekeeper’s flat and staff quarters were also included in the design.

    The villa was exceptionally expensive for its time considering the lavish materials, abnormal construction methods, and extraordinary new technologies of heating and cooling. The house was very advanced for a private residence, and while the overall cost was never known, estimates fall somewhere near five million Czech crowns. In 1930, that amount could have built at least 30 small family homes. Brno was already a hub of modern Architecture for Czechoslovakia in the 1920s, and the Villa Tugendhat was only met with moderate praise at best among the avant garde in its time. Many of the left wing elite in the art world viewed the new home as snobbish and overdone because its lush interior design and furnishings.

    Mies designed all the furniture in the house and chose precisely the placement of each piece and fixture. Although there was no art on the walls or decoration in or on the house, it never came across as bare or plain because of the rich materiality of onyx and rare tropical woods used throughout the home. The villa was built by building contractors in Brno, but the iron framework was constructed by contractors from Berlin. Steel frame construction was unusual for homes at that time, but brought with it many advantages that Mies was very occupied with and had already used in his famed Barcelona Pavillion – thinner walls, a free plan that could differ from floor to floor, large walls of glazing to open up rooms and connect them to the garden, etc. Over all the minimal and stable design became a hallmark in Mies’ residential accomplishments.

     
  1. nerdosaurus13 reblogged this from rudygodinez
  2. nerdosaurus13 likes this
  3. juhquach likes this
  4. frasquitamarquez likes this
  5. itsjustpatrick likes this
  6. throughtheturnstile reblogged this from rudygodinez
  7. antiwhat likes this
  8. ppmj likes this
  9. dyn-amic reblogged this from ezzthetic
  10. grriv likes this
  11. koschino likes this
  12. ezzthetic reblogged this from rudygodinez
  13. cmsos likes this
  14. fancyhyphen likes this
  15. pabloavincetto likes this
  16. valentinpuyau reblogged this from rudygodinez
  17. valentinpuyau likes this
  18. justinzook likes this
  19. archiv-84 likes this
  20. fabiolairismallow likes this
  21. coldestwintour likes this
  22. lusal reblogged this from rudygodinez
  23. tunilda reblogged this from rudygodinez
  24. zeropauseone likes this
  25. p4p3r1n1k likes this
  26. vhaldemarmetal reblogged this from architecturehall
  27. architecturehall reblogged this from rudygodinez
  28. yluiss likes this
  29. miesian reblogged this from rudygodinez
  30. miesian likes this
  31. ehmygawd reblogged this from shalinayasuda
  32. shalinayasuda reblogged this from azalfaro
  33. teddske likes this
  34. thomortiz likes this
  35. involvingsystems reblogged this from rudygodinez
  36. incibengu likes this
  37. bulutbeyaz reblogged this from rudygodinez and added:
    ++++
  38. bulutbeyaz likes this
  39. rebekahwithak reblogged this from acathal
  40. juice-headdd reblogged this from no-seas-mamon
  41. no-seas-mamon reblogged this from acathal
  42. no-seas-mamon likes this
  43. architectingandbaguettes reblogged this from acathal
  44. acathal reblogged this from architect-paris
  45. fanzinered likes this
  46. mehtapty likes this
  47. theopus131 reblogged this from mediavomit
  48. mediavomit reblogged this from rudygodinez
  49. mediavomit likes this
  50. f1mike28 likes this